Invictus Research

ORCID Research Profile


Position: Full Professor

Research team


Omar Andres Saldaña Tops

Assistant professor



Ana Varela Rey

Assistant professor

ana.varela (at) ub.edu


Emma Antelo Gonzalez

Early stage researcher



Lara Longares Hernández

Early stage researcher



Jorge Escartin Solanelles

Associate Professor

jordiescartin (at) ub.edu

Contact details


Prof. Álvaro Rodríguez Carballeira

Department of Social Psychology

Faculty of Psychology, Passeig Vall d’Hebron 171

08035 Barcelona (Spain)


alvaro.rodriguez (at) ub.edu


Research Interests


The “Invictus Research” group is formed by researchers from the Universitat de Barcelona, the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, and the Universidad de Zaragoza. The group also keeps collaborations with researchers of other national and international Universities.

Our principal research lines comprise the phenomenon of psychological abuse and violence in different domains, such as the workplace (workplace bullying or mobbing), the psychology of terrorism (violence of persecution), within abusive groups or cults, in couple relationships, etc.

We conceptualize the phenomenon of psychological abuse and violence as sharing a corpus or common base on each domain where it is manifested. That corpus consists in a continuous application of abusive strategies (i.e., harassment, coercive behaviors, etc.) with the main purpose of gaining domination over an individual or group, either to achieve their subjugation or exclusion.

Current Research Lines


  • Psychological Abuse
  • Mobbing (Workplace bulling)
  • Abusive Groups
  • Intimate Partner Violence
  • Terrorism Violence



  • Development and methodological validation of measurement instruments

Highlighted publications


· Porrúa-García, C., Rodríguez-Carballeira, A., Escartín, J., Gómez-Benito, J., Almendros, C., & Martín-Peña, J. (2016). Development and valiation of the Scale of Psychological Abuse in Intimate Partner Violence (EAPA-P). Psicothema, 28(2).


· Saldaña, O., Rodríguez-Carballeira, A., Almendros, C., & Escartín, J. (2017). Development and validation of the Psychological Abuse Experienced in Groups Scale. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 9 (2)¸ 57-64.


· Escartín, J., Monzani, L., Leong, F., & Rodríguez-Carballeira, A. (2017). A reduced form of the Workplace Bullying Scale – the EAPA-T-R: A useful instrument for daily diary and experience sampling studies. Work & Stress, 31 (1), 42-62.


· Longares, L., Escartín, J., Barrientos, J., & Rodríguez-Carballeira, A. (2017). Psychological abuse in Spanish same-sex couples: Prevalence and relationship between victims and perpetrators. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/13511610.2017.1326304


· Longares, L., Escartín, J., & Rodríguez-Carballeira, A. (2016). Collective self-esteem and depressive symptomatology in lesbians and gay men: A moderated mediation model of self-stigma and psychological abuse. Journal of Homosexuality63(11), 1481-1501.